The Computer Attitude Questionnaire (CAQ)
Computer Attitude Questionnaire (CAQ) is a 65-item Likert instrument for measuring middle school students' attitudes on all Young Children's Computer Inventory subscales plus computer anxiety. The paired-comparisons portion of the Young Children's Computer Inventory is also included on the instrument.
- CAQ v5.14 4-point scale is recommended for grades 4-8.
- CAQ v5.22 5-point version is available for high school use; includes all other areas on the CAQ plus a classroom E-mail subscale.
Studies using CAQ
Knezek, G. and Christensen, R. (1997). Attitudes Toward Information Technology at Two Parochial Schools in North Texas. Denton, TX: Texas Center for Educational Technology.
Knezek, G. and Christensen, R. (1995).A Comparison of Two Computer Curricular Programs at a Texas Junior High School Using the Computer Attitude Questionnaire (CAQ) Denton, TX: Texas Center for Educational Technology.
CAQ Internal Consistency Reliability
|Subscales||Alpha||No. of Variables|
|F1 (Computer Importance)||.82||7|
|F4 (Study Habits)||.82||10|
Internal consistency reliability for the paired comparisons portions of the YCCI and CAQ are thought to be quite high. A circular triad analysis of 1993 paired comparisons data (n=210) at the University of Hawaii indicated reliabilities of .90 for Computer Preference, .89 for Computer Difficulty, and .92 for Computer Learning (Dunn-Rankin, 1982; Knezek & Miyashita, 1994). Since data from students in grades 4-8 was included in the 1993 analysis, it is probable that the numbers are appropriate for both elementary and middle school students.
CAQ - Recommended Administration Procedures
Classroom administration takes 15-20 minutes for a typical middle school class. Experience to date indicates that students have no difficulty completing the questionnaire without teacher assistance.
CAQ - Scoring Procedures
There are two different versions of the Computer Attitude Questionnaire (CAQ v5.14 - 65 questions) and (CAQ v5.22 - 80 questions) each using Likert-type self-report questionnaire to be used with students in the fourth through eight grades. The CAQ is designed to measure attitudes (feelings toward a person, or thing) and prevailing attitudes (dispositions), rather than achievement. Students record their own perceptions of the extent to which they agree or disagree with each item, under the supervision of a teacher in the classroom environment, or a parent in the home.